Aboriginal Villages

For thousands of years, aboriginal people have learnt the ways of dealing with nature and have passed their knowledge down through multiple generations. Although many things about human society have changed, many aboriginal people still adhere to the traditional methods of sustainable living with respect and love for nature. The native people have a profound connection with nature; they see themselves as part of it.

Taitung borders Shoufeng Township in Hualien to the north and Daren Township to the south. Due to its large land mass, Taitung has become a place of diverse culture. With many people coming from different cultural background, people in Taitung are open to embrace differences. More than one-third of the Taitung population are aboriginal people, who can be divided into 6 tribes. Despite the distinction, all of the people in Taitung love the land and create a unique local culture together.

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Recommended Aboriginal Culture Tour

Amis in Taitung can be divided into three groups: the Nanshi Amis, distributed mostly in Guanshan Township; the Central Amis, composed of Hainan and Hsiukulan Amis, located in Changbin and Chenggong Township; and lastly, the Beinan Amis and Hengchun Amis, located in Chenggong, Donghe, Guanshan, Chrshang, Luye, Taitung, Beinan, Taimali, and Dawu.

Members of the Amis tribe are known for their song and dance talent, especially with regard to the traditional percussion dance, one of the defining cultural characteristics of the tribe. The Amis tribe celebrates a famous harvest festival in mid-July of each year. Visitors can learn and experience many aspects of the Amis tribe, ranging from song and dance, to archery, traditional homes, swings, and crafts.

Recommended Aboriginal Culture Tour

Duli Village

Guided Tour (English speaking tour guide):

Tribal Tour→Experiencing Indigenous Ocean Culture→Vegetable Picking→Meal Time→Home

Cuisine: Seasonal food including fish, vegetable and seaweed

Activities: Shell-flower weaving, cotton crafts

Contact: Hsiao-Fan Wu 0937-579624

Email: [email protected]

Please contact Ms. Wu for details and reservation.

The Bunun, a mountain-dwelling indigenous tribe, are located in the middle part of the Central Mountain Range, particularly in Yanping Township and Haiduan Township in Taitung County. Visitors to Bunun villages can experience and enjoy the beauty of Bunun culture. The Bunun use stages of millet’s growth to divide months and years. The schedules of agricultural activities and hunting are based on the life cycle of plants and the lunar cycle. As recorded on the “picture calendar,” the Ear Shooting Ritual, the most important ritual of Bunun, takes place every April and May.

The Bunun are noted for their braveness, calm, and strength; they express their emotions through song or action. Their world famous Pasibutbut, an eight-part harmony, is a song in prayer for a bountiful millet harvest. When the gamut rises, more than five musical scales can be heard. This beautiful performance is the most precious treasure of the Bunun culture.


Recommended Aboriginal Culture Tour

Sazasa Village

Guided Tour:

Luan Shan Police Station→Visiting the “Walking Trees”→Mountain-top viewing platform and Heaven Gate→Forest Museum Observatory→Luan Shan Forest Museum→Aboriginal Cuisine→Introduction to Aboriginal Houses→Bunun Botanical Garden→Mochi Making→Home

Cuisine: Local seasonal cuisine and BBQ

Activities: Mochi making

Contact: Aliman 0911-154806

Email: [email protected]

Please contact Aliman for details and reservation. 

The Tao tribe resides on Orchid Island, surrounded by the sea. Due to its geographical location, it is the only tribe in Taiwan that both makes its living by fishing and has preserved most of its distinctive culture. They are called “the People of Flying Fish.” Sea rituals, including the Fish Ritual, Boat Ritual, and Millet-pounding Ceremony are the most important rituals in their traditional religion. The Tao sing and dance to celebrate the rich harvest of fish.

The Tao community is self-sufficient. Besides fishing, their livelihoods rely on growing wetland taro, other plants, and feeding goats. The Tao people are skilled at ceramics, making silver goods, and building plank boats. The cave-dwelling houses in Langdao Village preserve the tribe’s traditional architecture and has become one of the must-see spots on Orchid Island.

The Kavalan people are a Taiwanese aboriginal tribe with strong ethnic traditions.

They preserve their traditions and culture in their daily life by maintaining traditions that are essential to Kavalan culture: the language, ceremonies (e.g. Palilin, a sacrificial custom around the New Year), religious rituals performed by Metiyu (priestesses), agriculture and fishing-related festivals, and banana fiber weaving.

Changbin Village is home to the largest Kavalan tribe in Taitung. The community is self-sufficient and relies on shifting agricultural sites, hunting by burning the forest, and hunting for food such as fish and deer. The important sea ceremony takes place during March or April and usually lasts for two to three days. The Kavalan men gather together on the beach and hold LaLiGi to worship the sea god to ask for protection and blessings for fishing. After worshipping the sea god and their ancestors with the elders, the young men depart to go fish and return around noon. Tribe members will cook seasonal vegetables with what they catch, and share the food with the rest of the tribe.